The scientifc work "Software for Dataset-wide XAI: From Local Explanations to Global Insights with Zennit, CoRelAy, and ViRelA", with the support of the iToBoS project, has been published.
Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are known to be strong predictors, but their prediction strategies can rarely be understood. With recent advances in Explainable Artificial Intelligence, approaches are available to explore the reasoning behind those complex models’ predictions. One class of approaches are post-hoc attribution methods, among which Layer-wise Relevance Propagation (LRP) shows high performance. However, the attempt at understanding a DNN’s reasoning often stops at the attributions obtained for individual samples in input space, leaving the potential for deeper quantitative analyses untouched. As a manual analysis without the right tools is often unnecessarily labor intensive, we introduce three software packages targeted at scientists to explore model reasoning using attribution approaches and beyond: (1) Zennit – a highly customizable and intuitive attribution framework implementing LRP and related approaches in PyTorch, (2) CoRelAy – a framework to easily and quickly construct quantitative analysis pipelines for dataset-wide analyses of explanations, and (3) ViRelAy – a web-application to interactively explore data, attributions, and analysis results.
This work was supported in part by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) under grants 01IS14013A-E, 01GQ1115, 01GQ0850, 01IS18056A, 01IS18025A and 01IS18037A. This work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 965221, and is also supported by the Information & Communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (No. 2017-0-001779), as well as by the Research Training Group “Differential Equation- and Data-driven Models in Life Sciences and Fluid Dynamics (DAEDALUS)” (GRK 2433) and Grant Math+, EXC 2046/1, Project ID 390685689 both funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
Find out more at https://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.13200.pdf